358 ংলাদেশের স্বাধীনতা যুদ্ধ দলিলপত্রঃ ত্রয়োদশ খন্ড শিরোনাম সূত্র তারিখ মিঃ প্রেসিডেন্ট, পূর্ব পাকিস্তানে আমরা যুদ্ধে সিনেটের কার্যবিবরণী ৭ জুলাই, ১৯৭১ লিপ্ত হয়ে পড়েছি : সিনেটর টানি July 7, 1971 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD-SENATE SIO 541 THE WAR IN EAST PAKISTAN Mr. Tunney. Mr. President, we are at war in East Pakistan. We have not declared war, and we have no troops in Pakistan, but we are, nonetheless, in the eyes of the East Pakistanis and Indians, at war. It is our won grain ships that are carrying Pakistani troops to the East. It is our planes that are searching out the ragged, desperate, ill-armed Bangladesh, and then, finally, it is our guns, rifles, and ammunition that cut them down- wholesale and indiscriminately. Without our help, the Pakistanis would be severely hampered in their war making powers and because that is so, because we are effectively allying ourselves with one belligerent in a civil war, we ourselves are belligerents and our actions become all the more describable. There is only one position for the United States in this situation and that is as an advocate of peace. A relentless advocate for sick and hungry people. In order to place this country in a position to pursue this policy, I have cosponsored the Saxbe-Church amendment to the Foreign Assistance Act. This amendment would terminate all military and economic assistance to Pakistan, until such time as effective internationally supervised relief measures are instituted in East Pakistan. This, Mr. President, is intervention for peace and not war. It is intervention for life and not death, and it is intervention with food and medicines, not guns and planes. I do not see how it is possible to act for peace in the area while we are still actively engaged in providing to wherewithal for war. I believe that cutting off aid to force relief measures would be the most justified, indeed the required, use of our ability to pressure the Pakistan Government. But there is yet another dimension to the problem. On Monday, July 5, an editorial appeared in the Washington Post concerning our trade record with Pakistan. The editorial was entitled "U. S. Arms for Pakistan: A Shameful Record." The editorial retraces how what we all were told over a period of days by the State Department. The editorial also describes the consequent shifts in the State Department line. It is by now, to many of us, an old story. The other day the President's special assistant; Dr. Henry Kissinger, met a not so cordial welcome at the New Delhi Airport. The reasons are as good as they are obvious. India and Pakistan are trading the thinnest of wires between war and peace and at the same time we are continuing to supply arms to the Pakistanis. Our relationship with India is rapidly deteriorating, while at the same time we are providing the wherewithal for the slaughter of millions of East Pakistanis. Who is gaining by this? Certainly not war- ravaged West Pakistan. Was no lesson learned from the Biafran tragedy? Will we sit by.