পাতা:সাহিত্য-সাধক-চরিতমালা প্রথম খণ্ড.pdf/৮২৩

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. भ८भाँश्न ब्राँबै ماده و authoritie suprema Gowermment, and thuâ gék them* redressed, the grounds of discontent that excite revolution are removed; whereas, where no freedom of the Press existed, and grievances consequently remained unrepresent." ed and unredressed, innumerable revolutions have taken place in all parts of the globe, or if prevented by the armed force of the Government, the people continued ready for insurrection.... It is well known that despotic Governments naturally desire the suppression of ony freedom of expression which might tend to expose their acts to the obloquy which evor attends the exercise of tyranny or oppression, and the argument they constantly resort to, is, that the spreaả ơi knowledge is dangerous to the existence of all legitimato authority, since, as a people become enlightened, they will discover that by a unity of effort, the raany may easily shake off the yoke of the few, and thus become emancipaed from the restraints of power altogether, forgetting the lesson derive from history, that in countries which have made the smallest advances in civilization, anarchy and revolution are most prevalent—wbile on the other hand, in nations the toost enlightened, any revolt against government which bave guarded inviolate the rights of the governed, is most rare, and that the resistance of a people advanced in knowledge, has ever been—not against the existence,—but against the abuses of the Goverting power... In fact, it may be fearlessly averred, that the more enlightened a people become, the less likely are they to revolt against the Governing power, as long as it is exercised with justics tempered with mercy, and the rights and