সাহায্য:নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা

উইকিসংকলন থেকে
সরাসরি যাও: পরিভ্রমণ, অনুসন্ধান
নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা
নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা ব্যবহারের পুঙ্খানুপুঙ্খ নির্দেশিকা। সমস্ত নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা এক নজরে দেখতে Help:Beginner's guide to Index: files দেখুন।

নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা ও ওয়ার্কস্পেস[সম্পাদনা]

"নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা" হল নির্ঘণ্ট নামস্থানের অন্তর্গত কোনও পাতা। নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা হল 'ওয়ার্কস্পেস'-এর ফোকাস, অর্থাৎ এখানে সংশ্লিষ্ট লেখার মুদ্রণ সংশোধন বা প্রুফরিডিং এবং পরিলেখনের হিসেব রাখা হয়। এক একটি নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা পরিলেখনযোগ্য এক একটি লেখাকে নির্দেশ করে। নির্ঘণ্ট পাতায় লেখাটির প্রতিটি পৃষ্ঠার একটি করে লিংক দেওয়া থাকে। এই লিংকগুলো আপনাকে পাতা নামস্থানে (ওয়ার্কস্পেসের অন্য অংশ) অবস্থিত বিভিন্ন পাতায় নিয়ে যায়। নির্ঘণ্ট পাতায় যে কোনও পাতার শিরোনাম ও পাতা নামস্থানে সেই পাতাটির শিরোনাম পরস্পর অভিন্ন।

যেমন, নির্ঘণ্ট পাতার শিরোনাম "নির্ঘণ্ট:আমার বই.djvu", হলে পাতাগুলোর লিংক থাকবে এরকম:

  1. পাতা:আমার বই.djvu/১
  2. পাতা:আমার বই.djvu/২
  3. পাতা:আমার বই.djvu/৩
    ক্রমশ...

সাধারণত নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা কোনও djvu বা pdf ফাইলের ভিত্তিতে তৈরি হয়। তবে আপনি চাইলে jpeg, png ইত্যাদি চিত্র ফাইল থেকেও নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা বানাতে পারেন। একখানি ফাইলের ভিত্তিতে তৈরি হলে নির্ঘণ্ট পাতার শিরোনাম ও উৎস ফাইলের শিরোনাম অবশ্যই এক হতে হবে।

যেমন, ফাইলের নাম যদি হয় "File:আমার বই.djvu" তাহলে নির্ঘণ্ট পাতার নাম হবে "নির্ঘণ্ট:আমার বই.djvu"

পাতার তালিকার পাশাপাশি নির্ঘণ্ট পাতায় সংশ্লিষ্ট লেখার শিরোনাম, লেখক, প্রকাশসাল ইত্যাদি অধি-উপাত্ত সঞ্চিত থাকে। রেফারেন্সের জন্য এই সমস্ত তথ্য গুরুত্বপূর্ণ এবং মূল নামস্থানে লেখাটির প্রকাশিত সংস্করণে অনুসন্ধান ও সম্পাদনার জন্যও এগুলো কাজে লাগে।

নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা বানানো[সম্পাদনা]

লেখার জায়গা সমেত নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা।

নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা বানাতে গেলে আগে আপনাকে একটা স্ক্যান করা ফাইল আপলোড করতে হবে। এই স্ক্যানের ফর্ম্যাট হতে পারে djvu বা pdf। অধিকাংশ ক্ষেত্রে স্ক্যান করা ফাইলকে উইকিসংকলনে আপলোড না করে উইকিমিডিয়া কমন্সে আপলোড করাই বিধেয়। অবশ্য উইকিমিডিয়া কমন্স আইনী ব্যবস্থার পাশাপাশি অন্যান্য কিছু নীতিও মেনে চলে। কোনও কোনও লেখার স্ক্যান এই সমস্ত অতিরিক্ত নিয়মের কারণে কমন্সে আপলোড করা সম্ভব হয় না (লেখা পাবলিক ডোমেইন বা লাইসেন্সকৃত হলেও)। কেবলমাত্র এই রকম পরিস্থিতিতে সংশ্লিষ্ট ফাইলগুলোকে সরাসরি উইকিসংকলনে আপলোড করুন।

আলাদা আলাদা চিত্র ফাইল ব্যবহার করে নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা বানানোর জন্য দয়া করে নিচে দেখুন।

প্রতিটি নতুন পরিলেখন প্রকল্পের জন্য একটি নতুন নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা লাগে। নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা অন্যান্য পাতার মত করেই তৈরি করা হয়। নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা বানানোর কয়েকটা ধাপ হল:

  1. ফাইলের পাতার ইউআরএল থেকে (নিশ্চিত হয়ে নেবেন আপনি উইকিসংকলনেই আছেন, উইকিমিডিয়া কমন্সে নয়) "File:" উপসর্গটা বদলে "নির্ঘণ্ট:" করুন, নির্দেশিত পাতায় যান এবং "Create" সিলেক্ট করুন।
  2. সার্চ বক্সে নির্ঘণ্ট পাতার নাম লিখুন। সার্চ রেজাল্টগুলোর মধ্যে ঐ শিরোনামের লাল রঙে লেখা লিংকে ক্লিক করুন।
  3. নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা তৈরি হয়েছে!

একটা স্ক্যান ফাইল থেকে নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা বানানোর সময় লক্ষ্য রাখবেন পাতার নাম যেন ফাইলের নামের সাথে অভিন্ন হয়, শুধুমাত্র নামস্থান সূচকটি আলাদা হবে। যেমন, আপলোডের পর কোনও স্ক্যান ফাইলের নাম যদি হয় "File:আমার বই.djvu" তাহলে নির্ঘণ্ট পাতার নাম অবশ্যই হতে হবে "নির্ঘণ্ট:আমার বই.djvu"। লক্ষ্য করুন শুধুমাত্র নামের উপসর্গটুকু "File" থেকে "নির্ঘণ্ট"-তে বদলেছে। অন্য কিছু বদলালেই নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা ঠিকঠাক কাজ করতে পারবে না।

আপনার ব্রাউজারে জাভাস্ক্রিপ্ট চালু করা থাকলে নতুন নির্ঘণ্ট পাতাকে সাধারণ উইকি পাতার মত একখানি টেক্সট ফিল্ড হিসেবে না দেখিয়ে অনেকগুলো আলাদা আলাদা এডিট বাক্স হিসেবে দেখাবে (ছবি দেখুন)। এই বাক্সগুলো এক একটা প্যারামিটার; এদের পরিচয় নিচে দেওয়া হল। অধিকাংশ বাক্স ফাঁকা দেখাবে, তবে কয়েকটা স্বয়ংক্রিয়ভাবে আগে থেকে ভরা থাকবে। এই প্যারামিটারউলোর কোনও কোনওটা পরিলেখন ও মুদ্রণ সংশোধনের কাজে লাগে; বাকিগুলোয় অধি-উপাত্ত ও ন্যাভিগেশন লিংক থাকে।

নির্ঘণ্ট টেমপ্লেটের উপর ভিত্তি করে এই বিন্যাস নির্ধারিত হয়েছে। আপনার ব্রাউজারে জাভাস্ক্রিপ্ট চালু করা না থাকলে আপনি নির্ঘণ্ট পাতাতেও সাধারণ উইকি সম্পাদনা বাক্স দেখবেন। এই বাক্স যে কোনও সাধারণ টেমপ্লেটের নিয়মেই ভরাট করা যায়।

এই পর্যায়ে নির্ঘণ্ট পাতাটা সংরক্ষণ করুন। সব কয়টি টেক্সট বাক্সই সংরক্ষণ করার আগে ও পরে ইচ্ছামত ভরাট করা যায়।

প্যারামিটারসমূহ[সম্পাদনা]

Index pages have specific, preset parameters as part of the index template. The following instructions explain how to use each parameter.

ধরণ
The type of the original work. This will default to Book, which is the most common type of work on Wikisource.
  • Collection is used for a collection of media that are related. This is discouraged on the English Wikisource and the individual items should be loaded separately.
  • Journal or magazine is used for complete numbers or issues of a journal. Often these are made up of multiple articles or papers that will be transcluded separately. Uploading single articles from a journal is discouraged. However, do be aware that some journals and magazines will have different copyright terms on the various articles within them.
  • Thesis, report is generally used for works that have not been formally published. Care needs to be taken with these to ensure that they meet the Wikisource inclusion criteria. See What Wikisource includes for more details.
  • Dictionary is used for books that will be transcluded in very small sections.
শিরোনাম
The title of this work. If there is a subtitle it should be included here as well. The title should be wikilinked to the main namespace. The subtitle should not be part of the link. If there is more than one work with the same name then you will need to disambiguate.
ভাষা
The primary language of the work using the standard codes with two or three letters. Here on the English Wikisource, this will be en.
খণ্ড
If this Index file is a part of a multi-volume work, enter the volume number into this field. If different volumes use different subpages it may help to wikilink this parameter to the volume's subpage in the Main namespace. For example, <code>[[My book/Volume 01|vol. 1]]</code>, if it is the first volume of the work "My book".
লেখক
The name of the author should go here. It is common practice to wikilink this name to the author's page in the Author namespace.
অনুবাদক
If the work was originally published in another language, enter the name of the translator(s). This should be wikilinked to the Author: namespace.
সম্পাদক
If this is a multi-author work, such as an encyclopedia or a journal, enter the name of the editor(s). This should be wikilinked to the Author: namespace.
অলংকরন
Enter the name(s) of any illustrators that are credited in the work. This should be wikilinked to the Author: namespace.
বিদ্যালয়
This applies mainly to Theses and Reports. The institution under whose auspices the work was produced is entered here. This should be linked to the Portal: namespace. An alternate use would be if the work was a collaborative production from among a group of unnamed followers of a particular author. This would mostly apply to artworks and hence rarely used here.
প্রকাশক
The name of the publisher should go here. If a portal exists for this author, the publisher's name may optionally be wikilinked to the appropriate page in the Portal namespace.
প্রকাশস্থান
The location of the publisher should go here.
প্রকাশকাল
The year the work was published should go here.
বাছাইয়ের চাবি
If the name of the Index page begins with an article (the, a, an) or a similar word, this parameter can be used to sort it correctly in Category pages. It acts as the {{DEFAULTSORT}} for the Index page. See w:wp:Categorization#Sort keys for details.
ISBN (International Standard Book Number, আন্তর্জাতিক প্রামাণ্য বই নম্বর), OCLC, LCCN, ARK from BNF, National Archives Number
A unique identifier for the work assigned by one of these organisations. Only one of these is needed and for some early works there will be no identifier available.
স্ক্যান
This will be added automatically, depending on the file format of the scan on which the Index page is based. It will create a wikilink to the scan's page in the File namespace. Based on currently supported file types this will be djvu or pdf. This can be overridden if, for example, an index page is being created manually from individual page images (see below).
প্রচ্ছদের ছবি
The title page of the work. The number in the text field represents the page of the scan to be shown, the default is the first page. This can be overridden.
প্রগতি
This controls the Index page's categorization. It will normally appear as a drop-down menu, but text can be entered instead. In most cases the initial status of a newly added work will be "To be proofread". The template behind the index page records the setting with a short alphabetic code.
Available options for the Progress parameter
Menu option Code Status Description Tracking category
Done T Done—All pages of the work proper are validated All pages in the file that relate to the work have been validated or are set to "without text". There are no problematic pages. Completion of any advertisement pages is optional for this setting. নির্ঘণ্ট বৈধকরণ করা হয়েছে
To be validated V Proofread—All pages of the work proper are proofread, but not all are validated All text pages have been proofread at least once and the work is ready for validation. At this point problematic pages may be present. নির্ঘণ্ট মুদ্রণ সংশোধন করা হয়েছে
To be proofread C To be proofread There are text pages waiting to be proofread. নির্ঘণ্ট মুদ্রণ সংশোধন করা হয়নি
Needs an OCR text layer OCR Needs an OCR text layer The file for this Index doesn't have an embedded text-layer and needs the attention of an experienced editor. নির্ঘণ্ট-ওসিআর অনুরোধ
Source file is incorrect (missing pages, unordered pages, etc) L Source file must be fixed before proofreading The source file this Index is built from has one or more structural issues such as omitted pages, duplicate pages, pages out of published order or similar flaws. When this has been set, all proofreading work under the Index should cease until an experienced editor has been able to investigate the problem and sort it out.

Use either the Index talk page or the Volumes field to note what the problems are. This will help the investigating editor in determining how to resolve the issue(s) and reduce the amount time and effort needed to implement the solution(s).

নির্ঘণ্ট-ফাইলকে ঠিক করা প্রয়োজন
Source file must be checked (for missing pages, unordered pages, etc) before proofreading X Source file must be checked before proofreading commences The source file has been uploaded but it has not yet been checked for faults such as missing or mis-ordered pages নির্ঘণ্ট-ফাইলকে পরীক্ষা করা প্রয়োজন
A small number of index pages do not have a status; this will generally only occur when the index page is malformed. নির্ঘণ্ট - অজ্ঞাত অগ্রগতি

পাতা[সম্পাদনা]

See Page numbers in the Index namespace

This field is used to host the means to generate a graphical representation of all the positions (or scanned pages) found in a typical .DjVu or .PDF uploaded source file as they are [re]mapped with manually assigned page numbering to offset any differences between the actual source file and this graphical representation. Such assignments, offset or otherwise, automatically link to their corresponding targets in the Page: namespace where any embedded page content extracted from a source file is displayed side-by-side with a thumbnail image of the file position (or scanned page) associated with that content. This is done in order to better facilitate the transcription and proofreading process as explained earlier on.

The means to accomplish the above is done through the <pagelist /> tag with pre-defined commands. The Pages field is automatically populated with the <pagelist /> tag by default and, if left untouched, will always generate a basic position#-to-page# graphical representation of 1-to-1 (i.e. no offsets, customizations, etc.) all the way through & until the end of the uploaded source file is detected for you.

the Pagelist tag

The <pagelist /> tag is a powerful yet simple way to depict how the position-sequence to page-numbering found in any given work is to be specifically structured and works across the many various types of structures one might encounter just as easily. You can command it to indicate positions which shouldn't be numbered; for instance, <pagelist 1to2=- 3=1 /> will cause positions 1 and 2 to be represented as unnumbered pages (-), and page numbering will start by setting the third position of this document as page 1.

You can also use text to label positions. For example, <pagelist 1=Cover 2to6=- 7=Title 8=2 20="Plate 1" />. Note that quotation marks (") are required when there are spaces in the text label.

If a sequence of positions were designated with lower case Roman numerals as page numbers in their original paper-printed form, use <pagelist 5to10=roman 5=1 11=1 /> to indicate this. This will set position 5 to i, position 6 to ii, and so on. Note the 11=1. This is used to start the Arabic numeral count following the end of the Roman numeral assignments. The equivalent tag for upper case roman numerals is "highroman".

The <pagelist /> command can be invoked multiple times. This is particularly useful in dictionaries (see Index:A Dictionary of Music and Musicians vol 4.djvu) or when the work is made up of several smaller works each with their own range of positions-to-pages (see Index:Tracts for the Times Vol 1.djvu). In these cases, the following syntax is useful: <pagelist from=147 to=185 />. This code will show only positions 147–185 for example.

General recommendations for labeling pages
Label the front and back covers, if present, as "Cover" ("Cvr").

Label the frontispiece as "Frontispiece" ("Fpiece").

Preliminary sections of a work that are not part of the sequences or ranges of numbering as were depicted in the original printed work should be named: "Half-title", "Title", "Contents", etc. Some editors prefer to always [re]designate or [re]assign these positions even when they are a part of a set sequence as published. This is an acceptable practice.

Full page images that are not part of the contiguous flow of file-positions to page-numbering should be labeled as "Image" ("Img"). Alternatively, they could be labeled with their plate or figure numbers. E.g. "Plate V" or "Fig. 72". Whenever in doubt, unique labels are always preferred over the re-use of previously assigned labels.

For full page images that are a part of the contiguous flow of file-positions to page-numbering however, they should never be labeled with anything other than the expected page-number (or logical text-name). Any deviation from this practice must be clearly documented and expected to be justified if ever a cause for questioning the deviations arises.

Label any position(s) containing advertisements as "Advert" ("Adv") page(s).

Label positions that are void of any published content (i.e. blank pages) that are not a part of the contiguous flow of file-positions to page-numbering with "-" ("–", "—"). These positions mostly occur in the end-matter of a book, but may also appear on either side of full-page images. For an example of both of these scenarios as applied, see the file Index:Mexico as it was and as it is.djvu.

Positions that represent such 'blanks' but are a part of the contiguous flow of file-positions to page-numbering should not be labeled other than with their expected page-number (or logical text-name). The fact there is "nothing" on the page at that file-position will be indicated by the "without text" ProofReading status.

Rules when labeling pages
All existing positions, from the absolute first to the very last, whether transcribed in full or just a blank, regardless if ever transcluded or not, must be accounted for by being assigned a page label!!

Skipping ranges in the sequence of a source file's file-positions or omitting the labeling of certain source file file-positions that clearly exist in said source file (even if never actually created as a page in the Page: namespace) are both unacceptable practices as a part of standing WS policy. Any desire to [re]produce such customizations should be made in the final transclusion of the finished product to the main namespace instead; or should be made directly to the structure of the source file itself prior to uploading as needed.

The creation of such unassigned &/or omitted positions from the <pagelist /> command line accounting of their corresponding pages in the Page: namespace only serves the Wikisource community as a means to grow the Orphaned Pages List while managing to accomplish little else if anything positive at all at the same time.

Any application of such methods as described in this sub-section, done in order to circumvent or mask any structural issues eventually discovered within an uploaded source file, is never an acceptable practice.

খণ্ডসমূহ
If this is a multi-volume work, put links to the Index pages for the other volumes here. See Index:History of England (Froude) Vol 2.djvu for a simple example of this and Index:Popular Science Monthly Volume 5.djvu for a more complex example.
সূচীপত্রের টেবিল
A table of contents for the text. Usually this will provide links to the chapters in the Main: namespace.
The table of contents can be typed in here directly. However, if the text includes its own table of contents, this can be shown instead by "transcluding" the pages from the text (use the name of each page, wrapped in two curly brackets—or braces—at either side). See Index:Air Service Boys over the Rhine.djvu for an example of this. Hint: don't leave spaces or returns between the separate pages when using this. This will ensure vertical alignment between the separate pages.
Sometimes the table of contents in the text is complex or contains a lot of detail resulting in a very long Index page. In these cases a simplified table of contents with links to the chapters may be created. Compare Index:History of england froude.djvu with Index:History of England (Froude) Vol 2.djvu.
স্ক্যানের রিজোলিউশন
This overrides the default calculated resolution for the thumbnail image displayed in edit mode for any Page: namespace page. For example a value of 1000 in this field will produce a thumbnail based at 1000 pixels.
Currently, some browsers will experience a phenomenon called 'black-nail'—short for an all black thumbnail being displayed in edit mode in error. Experimenting with this value should provide a solution for this by forcing a lower resolution than the automatically calculated default—a value anywhere in the range of 300 to 1600 typically works here.
সিএসএস (Cascading style sheet)
If this field has content it will automatically add css styling to each page in the Page namespace as they are created. On the English Wikisource we don't recommend this and prefer to do css styling in the main namespace.
হেডার
This parameter controls the header on each page in the Page namespace associated with the Index page. The header of each new page in the Page namespace will be pre-filled with whatever text has been entered in this parameter of the index page.
The header is mostly used for titles (of the book, chapter, article etc.) and page numbers—anything at the top of the page that should not be transcluded to the main namespace. If a common format is repeated throughout the work, it saves time to include all or part of the formatting and text in this parameter.
A commonly used formatting template for this parameter is {{RunningHeader}}. This template has three parameters of its own, which create left-, centre-, and right-justified text. The {{{pagenum}}} magic word is also useful. This will copy the number or text used for a page link in the pagelist parameter. This allows for automatically generated page numbers, assuming the pagelist parameter is correct. If the book contains sidenotes, you can include the {{sidenotes begin}} template in this field.
The header can be edited on individual pages in the Page namespace. Doing so will not affect the header parameter in the Index page nor any other page in the Page namespace. The header will never affect the work in the main namespace.
The drawback of using this field is that it doesn't take into account left and right headers and formats them all the same way. One way to cope with this is to put the page number at both sides of the running header template and delete the appropriate one when proofreading the page. An example of this technique can be found at Index:The Rover Boys on the Great Lakes.djvu: {{rh|{{{pagenum}}}|ROVER BOYS ON THE GREAT LAKES.|{{{pagenum}}}}}
ফুটার
Like the header, this parameter controls the default text in the footer of each page in the Page namespace associated with the Index page.
It is common for page numbers to be shown in the footers of pages. The {{{pagenum}}} magic word can be used to simplify this process, along with the {{RunningHeader}} template. Moreover, the <references /> tag—optionally the {{reflist}} or {{smallrefs}} template—is used to display footnotes. If the book contains sidenotes, you can include the {{sidenotes end}} template in this field.
The footer can be edited on individual pages in the Page namespace. Doing so will not affect the footer parameter in the Index page nor any other page in the Page namespace. The footer will never affect the work in the main namespace.

আলাদা আলাদা চিত্র ফাইলের ব্যবহার[সম্পাদনা]

Index can be made out of JPEGs, PNGs and other image files as well as container formats of scans like PDF and DjVu. This would cover, for example, individual photographs of pages or non-print works such as inscriptions or plaques. Due to the extra complexity and other drawbacks of this process, this is not recommended for anything other than very short works: such as single pages or works of just 2-3 pages in length.

The process is similar to the normal Index page process, with the following exceptions:

  1. Creating the page. Create a new page in the Index namespace as you would in any other namespace. If this page involves only one image, it is a good idea to use the filename for the pagename. For example: File:Inscription.jpg leads to Index:Inscription.jpg. If this page involves multiple files, use a pagename that makes sense. If the filenames of the page images have a common element, it may make sense to use that; using the filetype is optional. For example: Index:1900 Conservative political pamphlet.
  2. Parameters. Some of the parameters will need to be entered manually.
    • Scans: This parameter is a dop down list of file types. Choose the type of file you are using. If this is not available in the list, choose "other".
    • Cover image: No automatic cover image will be generated. Instead of a page number, the image needs to be entered manually with the complete image code. For example: [[File:Inscription.jpg|200px]]. If using multiple pages, use either the first source image or the one that best corresponds to a "cover image" for the work.
    • Pages: No automatic pagelist will be generated. Instead of the <pagelist /> tag, each page needs to be added manually. Each page should be a wikilink to a specific page in the Page namespace, using the name of the source files in the File namespace (replacing the "File:" prefix with a "Page:" prefix). For example:
      1. One image: If using Index:Inscription.jpg (based on (File:Inscription.jpg) the wikilink should be [[Page:Inscription.jpg|1]].
      2. Multiple images: These should be added in sequence. If using, for example, Index:1900 Conservative political pamphlet (based on different images), the wikilinks should be along the lines of: [[Page:1900 Conservative political pamphlet page 1.jpg|1]] [[Page:1900 Conservative political pamphlet page 2.jpg|2]] etc.

Please note that image files do not contain OCR text layers like PDF and DjVu files. It will be necessary to transcribe the entire text from the image rather than just correcting the existing text layer.

উদাহরণ[সম্পাদনা]

When creating an index page in this way, it can help to have other examples for reference. Therefore, the following may be useful.

একক পৃষ্ঠা:

পৃষ্ঠাগুচ্ছ:

মুদ্রণ সংশোধন ও নির্ঘণ্ট পাতা থেকে পরিলেখন[সম্পাদনা]

Index pages are the focus of proofreading. Each page in the pagelist should be proofread and the progress parameter amended accordingly.

For more information, see:

Index page template ritrit[সম্পাদনা]

The default layout of an index page is controlled by the Proofreadpage index template. Javascript must be enabled in the user's browser for the template to function. If javascript is disabled or not available, the user will just see the template itself in a normal edit window. It may be useful occasionally for a user to deliberately disable javascript in order to edit the template directly but this should be rare.

টেমপ্লেট:Stub